The name Higdon is of somewhat uncertain origin.
The First Syllable is sometimes a shortened form of Hugh, which means "intellectual",
and at other times is a nickname for Richard, which means "strong ruler".

The Second Syllable may be the shortened form of the English Down,
meaning "the slope of a hill", in which case the name is probably of
local origin and derived from the residence of its first bearers
at a place called Hig's Down or Higdon.
Possibly the earliest record of the name is John "Hikedun" (Worcestershire 1273).
In 1379 "Higdon de Synesby" was living in Yorkshire.
In the early 1600s, a John Higdon was living at St. Clement Danes, London.
The first of the name in America is Peter Higden,
who emigrated from Salisbury in Wiltshire to America about the year 1635.
He was lost in the Great Storm,
being Wrecked with his Master, Anthony Thacher, on Cape Ann.